de Nouveau Bordeaux
of the New Bordeaux Huguenot Church established in 1764
Bordeaux Militia was
formed shortly after the arrival of the
Huguenot colonists in 1764 to protect the colony from possible Cherokee
attacks. The original commander was Daniel Due, but he was
succeeded shortly by Jean Louis du Mesnil de St. Pierre. His
Lieutenant was named Leorion, probably Pierre Leorion, and the Ensign
was "Le Violette" (Mathew Béraud), who had previously served in
the army of the King of France. Béraud succeeded St.
Pierre after his death shortly before the Revolution.
They participated in the capture of Fort Charlotte on July 12, 1775
with Jean Louis du Mesnil de St. Pierre as second in command.
During the siege of Ninety Six in November of 1775, Company 8 of the
South Carolina Militia as commanded by Mathew Béraud, and may
have been all or in part the original militia company from New
Bordeaux. The Militia participated in numerous actions in 1779
including the Siege of Savannah. It was during this action that
Mathew Béraud was killed. He died on October 9 after
serving only 27 days as Captain on horseback. No records indicate
that there was any additional loss of life to the New Bordeaux
unit. Joseph Bouchillon was the next Captain.and served as such
until the unit was disbanded in May of 1782.
unit was not formed until 1764, which is after the French and Indian War
was over, at least one member of the militia can be confirmed as having
served during that time with the Army of France. Since it is the
desire of this unit to participate in events representing the French and
Indian War, the recreated unit will be considered to a militia unit of New
France for those events. For events during the period of 1764 until
1782, the unit will be South Carolina Militia.
Standards for F&I